Thermal stratification and mixing in confined spaces

Box plot of hourly temperature recorded in July 2022 by sensors at four different heights.*

The fluid dynamics found in buildings results from a complex interplay among sources of energy at different spatial scales, forced by large-scale convective motions and dissipated by diapycnal mixing. Predicting how this interplay produces or destroys thermal stratification in an enclosed space is an open question that needs to be addressed to enable energy consumption estimations and mitigation of risks related to contaminant transport.

We use a highly instrumented computer laboratory to investigate the problem of thermal stratification in a mechanically ventilated room. Heating sources at the floor level are typically non-uniform and time-dependent. Such thermal boundary conditions are particularly challenging as they lie between localised sources of buoyancy, which would lead to turbulent plumes and tend to maintain a stable stratification, and distributed sources that have a destabilising effect. Temperature and CO2 are measured at key positions within the room, yielding insights into the flow and mixing occurring in the room. In addition, the heat input due to computers is metered and the room occupancy is recorded. These measurements enable us to estimate the room energy budget.

This work is part of the project DStratify.

Internal Gravity wave turbulence

During my postdoc in the research group of Prof Nicolas Mordant, I studied gravity waves in stratified fluids, with a focus on ocean applications. I have used the Coriolis facility in Grenoble to run experiments that involved advanced measurement techniques, which allowed me to acquire resolved velocities in 3D and time. I analysed such a unique dataset to gain insights into gravity waves’ energy transmission among scales and their path toward mixing, which is one of the most important and least understood elements to closing the energy budget in the ocean.

Climate Change throught laboratory experiments

Spontaneous emission of gravity waves

During my PhD, I introduced two novel configurations of the classical baroclinic annulus experiment designed to better resemble the mid-atmosphere dynamics. Such experiments allowed me to investigate the interaction between the large-scale Rossby and small-scale gravity waves. I have examined the conditions for gravity wave emission and propagation in detail with the support of comparable numerical simulations performed at the University of Frankfurt.